Saturday, June 21, 2008

TRACING THE ARCHER FAMILY TREE

EDWARD ARCHER
Born about 1694
Married Elizabeth Bullen 1715
Will 1771
Was supposed to have had 25 children

KNOWN DESCENDANTS OF EDWARD ARCHER (b. 1694)

  • JAMES ARCHER (eldest)
    Born about 1716
    Married Christian (Sherren?) Feb, 21, 1757 in Barbados
    Died in 1764, will recorded in 1769 in Jamaica
    Settled in Jamaica about 1753
  • EDWARD
    Born about 1718
    Went to Jamaica with James and eventually owned Lion Hills Pilgrim Estates in Jamaica
  • WILLIAM
    Born about 1728
    Married Sarah Barker in St. Peter in 1761
    NOTE: There is also a William Archer who married a Sarah BUTLER on March 22, 1764 at St. Michael (familysearch.org)
    Died Jan. 22, 1778
  • ANTHONY
    Born about 1746
    Married Mary Hollingsworth Jan. 18, 1776
    Buried Dec. 8, 1795 (will) of Cluffs Estate, St. Lucy
KNOWN DESCENDANTS OF ANTHONY ARCHER (b. 1746)

  • HOLLINGSWORTH ANN
    Born Oct. 11, 1778
    Died before father’s will was written
  • EDWARD
    Born June 12, 1780
    Married Eliz Yearwood Griffith on July 16, 1801
    Buried11-6 or 7, 1832
  • BENJAMIN
    Born March 4, 1782
    Christened Oct. 9, 1784
KNOWN DESCENDANTS OF EDWARD ARCHER (b. 1780)

  • EDWARD ISLEY
    Born July 22, 1802
    Married Caroline Yearwood
    Buried July 20, 1880
  • WILLIAM THOMAS
    Born Oct. 8, 1803
    Buried Sept. 19, 1804, St. Lucy
  • JOHN HOLLINGSWORTH
    Born March 7, 1805
    Buried June 17, 1830, St. Lucy
  • MARY LA MERTHA (?)
    Born March 5, 1808
    Baptized August 18, 1817
    Kept a girl’s school where the former Combermere School was
  • THOMAS GRIFFITH
    Born July 7, 1809
  • WILLIAM ANTHONY
    Born Nov. 26, 1810
    Baptized Nov. 23, 1813
    Buried Dec. 8, 1839 in St. Michael’s Cathedral churchyard
  • JAMES HOWARD
    Born Aug. 28, 1812
    Married to Sarah Haynes
KNOWN DESCENDANTS OF EDWARD ISLEY (b. 1802)
  • MARY CATHERINE
    Born July 16, 1831
    Buried July 22, 1832 aged 13 months
    Isleys Place, St. Lucy
  • MARY CAROLYN
    Born Dec. 17, 1840
    Baptized Dec. 31, 1840
    Buried Oct. 19, 1841 aged 10 months
    Sea Park, St. Lucy
  • ALDOLPHUS FITZ-EDWARD “Fitzie”
    Born 1847
    Buried Aug. 29, 1899 (unknown) aged 52
KNOWN DESCENDANTS OF JAMES HOWARD (b. 1812)
  • WILLIAM HOWARD
    Born 1840
  • EDWARD ISLEY HAYNES
    Baptized July 1841 in St. Michael
  • SARAH HAYNES BELL ARCHER
    Born 1844
    Married James Holigan Webster Dec. 25, 1865

Albion Lodge (the family home) in 2005

This is a photo I received from my cousin Ken - I believe it was taken in 2004. It's a view from the driveway entrance to the property. The columns of the front porch, though in disrepair in 2005, suggest the former beauty of the home.


If you walk to the back of the yard and look toward the road, you get a long view of the house and the screened veranda in the rear.
I am told that these are the stones my grandmother set border stones in her garden, which means they date back to the 1920's. Vines have almost completely taken over some of the trees in the yard.

Sunday, May 25, 2008

Varia: a few photos of the Archer clan, 1950s to 1970s

Group photo showing three generations of Archers (approx. 1979?):
Gloria, George and Betty (is this a photo from Betty and John's wedding?)
Gloria, John Hamilton and Betty (Mary) with kids (late 1950s?)
Gloria Habel (née Archer) with her cousin (?) Gwen Jordan
Mother Irene and Gloria (approx. 1973)
George and Gloria in Barbados for Everett Pierson Archer's funeral

Photos and documents c.1942-1945: Gloria Thelma Archer


I have some great photos of my mother, Gloria Habel (née Archer) and some interesting documents that let us travel back in time...

Gloria T. Archer (approx. 1940-1943)

Gloria T. Archer : Transit Certificates



Gloria T. Archer : High school certificate (ironic that she aced French and ended up marrying a French Canadian...)

Group shots

As always, help with names and dates would be appreciated!
The back of this photograph has the following hand-written note: "George, Aunt, Pip, Ed"


Photo album: Everett Pierson Archer and Winnifred Archer

Here are a few of the photos I have of my grandparents:

Everett Pierson Archer and Winnifred Archer

Everett Pierson Archer

Winnifred Archer

Photo album

I could use some help with names and dates here...


Today's photo album: Edward Archer

Portrait of Edward Archer (early 1940s?)


Group photo: Edward, (unknown), Betty Hamilton (née Archer), Bob Barnes, George Archer. (early 1940s?)


Edward and Marge

Group photo: Edward, (two men in center unidentified), George Archer. (approx. 1940?)

Saturday, May 24, 2008

History of Barbados

Etymology
According to accounts by descendants of the aboriginal Arawak tribes on other local islands, the original name for Barbados was Ichirouganaim.

The origin of the name "Barbados" is controversial. The Portuguese, en route to Brazil are credited as the first European nation to discover and name the island. They dubbed the island Os Barbados, which was Portuguese for the Bearded Ones. It is a matter of conjecture whether the word "bearded" refers to the long, hanging roots of the bearded fig-tree (Ficus citrifolia), indigenous to the island, to bearded Caribs inhabiting the island, or to the foam spraying over the outlying reefs giving the impression of a beard. In 1519, a map produced by the Genoese mapmaker Vesconte de Maggiola showed and named Barbados in its correct position north of the island of Tobago. On some historic maps the island has also been spelled as Barbadoes.


Early history
New archaeological discoveries suggest that Barbados may have been inhabited as early as some time in the 1600s. B.C. Better known, is the migration of the Amerindians who traveled across this part of the Atlantic Ocean by canoe from the Orinoco River region of Venezuela.
This was followed by the Arawak Indians who first arrived in the island around 350-400 BC. A few historical remains of their settlement have been found in areas of Silver Sands, Stroud Point, Chancery Lane, Pie Corner, Saint Luke's Gully and Mapp's Cave. They were then conquered by the Caribs, as evidenced by a dramatic decline in their population around 1200 AD. The Caribs later disappeared from the island. While no direct cause has been determined, a possible combination of famine, disease, abduction and enslavement in larger islands by the Spanish or Portuguese have all been suggested as probable causes.

Of especial note are the Portuguese, who visited the island briefly while en route to Brazil, that are responsible for leaving behind the wild pigs that would greet the first British settlers.
Early British Colonization
The British found the island uninhabited when they first arrived in the 1625 and claimed it in the name of King James I. This first ship, which arrived on May 14th, was captained by John Powell. The first settlement landed some time later on February 17, 1627 near what is now Holetown (formerly Jamestown). The group was lead by Captain John Powell, who arrived with 80 settlers and 10 black slaves. This settlement was funded by Sir William Courteen, a London merchant who owned the title to Barbados and several other unclaimed islands. Thus, the first colonists were actually tenants and the profits of their labour returned to Courteen and his company.

Courteen would later lose this title to James Hay, 1st Earl of Carlisle in what was called the "Great Barbados Robbery." Carlisle then chose as governor Henry Hawley. It was he who established the House of Assembly in 1639, in an effort to appease the planters who might otherwise oppose his controversial appointment.

In the very early years, the majority of the population was white and male, with African slaves providing little of the workforce. Cultivation of tobacco, cotton, ginger and indigo was handled primarily by European indentured labour until the start of the sugar cane industry.

Sugar Cane and Slavery
Sugar cane cultivation began in the 1640s, after its introduction in 1637 by Pieter Blower. Initially, rum was produced but by 1642, sugar was the focus of the industry. As it developed into the main commercial enterprise, Barbados was divided into large plantation estates which replaced the small holdings of the early British settlers as the wealthy planters pushed out the poorer. Some of the displaced farmers relocated to British colonies in North America, most notably South Carolina. To work the plantations, tribal peoples of Africa were imported as slaves in such numbers that there were three for every one planter. The slave trade ceased a few years before the abolition of slavery throughout the British empire in 1834. Persecuted Catholics from Ireland also worked the plantations.

Sugar cane dominated Barbados' economic growth, and the island's cash crop was at the top of the sugar industry until 1720. The 1907 Nuttall Encyclopedia reports the island's population as 182,000.

Gypsies purged from Europe and other captured nomads were also brought to Barbados as slaves. The Europeans mixed these groups in with the exhisting groups to form servants for export to the Americas, particularly to the plantations owned by President Thomas Jefferson.

Political Development
From 1800 until 1885 Barbados then served as the main seat of Government for the former British colonies of the Windward Islands. During the period of around 85 years the resident Governor of Barbados also served as the Colonial head of the Windward Islands. After the Government of Barbados officially exited from the Windward Island union in 1885, the seat was moved from Bridgetown to St. George's on the neighbouring island of Grenada, where it remained until the territory of the Windward Islands was desolved.
Soon after Barbados' withdrawal from the Windward Islands, Barbados became aware that Tobago was going to be amalgamated with another territory as part of a single state. In response, Barbados made an official bid to the British Government to have neighbouring Island Tobago joined with Barbados as a political union. The British government however decided that Trinidad would be a better fit and Tobago instead was made a Ward of Trinidad.

Local enslaved people of Africa and Ireland worked for the merchants of British descent. It was these merchants who continued to dominate politically even after emancipation, due to a high income restriction on voting. Only an exclusive 30%, therefore, had any voice in the democratic process. It was not until the 1930s that a movement for political rights was begun by the descendants of emancipated slaves, who started trade unions. One of the leaders of this movement, Sir Grantley Adams, founded the Barbados Progressive League (now the Barbados Labour Party) in 1938. The Great Depression caused mass unemployment, and the quality of life on the island lowered drastically. Despite his loyalty to the British Crown (a trait which would later become his downfall), Adams wanted more for the people, especially the poor.

Finally, in 1942, the income qualification was lowered. This was followed by the introduction of universal adult suffrage in 1951, with Adams elected the Premier of Barbados in 1958.
From 1958 to 1962, Barbados was one of the ten members of the West Indies Federation, an organisation doomed to failure by a number of factors, including what were often petty nationalistic prejudices and limited legislative power. Indeed, Adams' position as "Prime Minister" is a gross misnomer, as all of the Federation members were still colonies of Britain. Adams, once a political visionary and now a man blind to the needs of his country, not only held fast to his out-dated notion of defending the monarchy but also made additional attempts to form similarly flawed Federation-like entities after that union's demise. When the Federation was terminated, Barbados had reverted to its former status as a self-governing colony, but efforts were made by Adams to form another federation composed of Barbados and the Leeward and Windward Islands.


Errol Walton Barrow was to replace Grantley Adams as the people's advocate and it was he who would eventually lead the island into Independence. Barrow, a fervent reformer and once a member of the BLP, had left the party to form his own Democratic Labour Party, as the liberal alternative to the conservative BLP government under Adams. He remains a national hero for his work in social reformation, including the institution of free education for all Barbadians. In 1961, Barrow supplanted Adams as Premier as the DLP took control of the government.

Due to several years of growing autonomy, Barbados was able to successfully negotiate its own independence at a constitutional conference with the United Kingdom in June 1966. After years of peaceful and democratic progress, Barbados finally became an independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations on November 30, 1966, with Errol Barrow serving as its first Prime Minister.

Source: Wikipedia

Welcome to the Archer Family Tree blog

This blog has been created to help the family share information, photos, stories and history. Your comments and contributions are most welcome!

By the way, I have no idea if this is really our coat of arms, but it seemed like a fun way to get the ball rolling!