Sunday, November 26, 2017


Born about 1694
Married Elizabeth Bullen 1715
Will 1771
Was supposed to have had 25 children
* possibly more than one wife
* possibly a missing generation as records are inconclusive

  • JAMES ARCHER (eldest)
    Born about 1716
    Married Christian Sherren Feb. 21, 1754 in Barbados
    Died in 1764, will recorded in 1769 in Jamaica
    Settled in Jamaica about 1753
    Born about 1718
    Went to Jamaica with James and eventually owned Sion Hill & Pilgrim Estates in Jamaica
    Born about 1720
    Married Sarah Barker in St. Peter in 1761
    NOTE: There is also a William Archer who married a Sarah BUTLER on March 22, 1764 at St. Michael (
    Will recorded Jan. 22, 1778
  • LOVE
    Born about 1734
    Married Henry Walcott May 31, 1753
    Son, Cormichell John Walcott b. Mar 16 1754, bap. Oct. 3 1754, St. Lucy
    Buried Dec. 14, 1789 St. Lucy, Church of England
    Born about 1746   (Other research suggest earlier date);                            parochial records not available before 1746; possible missing generation
    Married Mary Hollingsworth Jan. 18, 1776
    Buried Dec. 8, 1795 (will) of Cluffs Estate, St. Lucy
  • JOHN, Senior
    Born about 1760
    Married Jane Edwards May 31, 1781
    Deed recorded 1814
    Buried Sept. 27, 1818 St. Lucy
    Born Oct. 11, 1778
    Died before father’s will was written
    Born June 12, 1780
    Baptized Aug. 13, 1780 St. Lucy
    Married Elizabeth Griffith Yearwood on July 16, 1801
    Abode:  Cluffs
    Killed in storm, Buried June 11, 1832
    Born March 4, 1782
    Baptized Oct. 9, 1784
    Born May 3, 1784
    Died Oct. 30, 1840
    Born July 17, 1786
    Married Johanna Seale in 1809 (Bur. Oct. 25, 1820)
    Buried March 27, 1821 in St. Lucy
    Will recorded Apr. 9, 1821; lists home in Speightstown
    Born about 1778
    Married Mary Ann Lampaine in Christ Church on July 20, 1799
    Buried Aug 21, 1821 in St. Lucy
    Will 1821; no children

    Born Oct. 5, 1810
    Baptized Jan. 15, 1812 in St. Lucy
    Married Yearwood
  • WILLIAM P. Senior  "The Elder"
    Born May 18, 1812
    Baptized Feb. 18, 1817 in St. Lucy (with siblings Anthony, Mary Seale, John Seale)
    Married Mary Elizabeth Lawton in St. Peter on Sept. 20, 1838
    Buried June 5, 1862, merchant of Speightstown & member of Masonic Order
    Will recorded July 11, 1862; he was indebted to the Hon. Phillip Lytcott Hinds of England who had been his principal investor in business.
    Born Feb. 24, 1815
    Baptized Feb. 18, 1817 in St. Lucy (with siblings William P,  Mary Seale, John Seale)
    Buried Aug. 12, 1817, St. Lucy (infant)
    Born July 31, 1816
    Baptized Feb. 18, 1817 in St. Lucy (with siblings William P, Anthony, John Seale)
    Buried Aug. 18, 1817, St. Lucy (infant)
    Born Feb. 13, 1817
    Baptized Feb. 18, 1817 in St. Lucy (with siblings William P, Anthony, Mary Seale)
    Married Jane King Mullynix in St. Michael on Jan. 21, 1845
    Buried Sept. 11, 1851 St. Peter; (alt. bur. July 3, 1868) 
    Baptized July 9, 1839 in St. Peter
    Buried unknown
    Moved to St. Kitts, no children
    Born 1841
    Baptized July 13, 1841
    Married Edwardina Maria Curll (alt. surname Crawford) in St. Peter on July 27, 1864
    Occupation Accountant; Had 4 children; Moved to Antigua; died in Antigua
    Death unknown
    Baptized Aug. 20, 1846 in St. Peter
    Moved to Antigua Buried Aug. 29, 1899 (unknown) aged 52
    Baptized Feb. 9, 1843 in St. Peter
    Died May 1895 St. Michael
    Buried May 13, 1895 Westbury Cemetery, St. Michael
    Moved to St. Kitts; no children
    Born Nov. 5, 1848
    Baptized Dec. 23, 1848
    Married Sarah Anne Alleyne Dec. 7, 1876 Bridgetown
    Died Sept. 20, 1901 . Kensington, Greater London, UK
    Buried Kensal Green Cemetery
    Occupation Physician & Surgeon, Died in England while on business
    Born Nov. 16, 1850 Barbados
    Baptized Jan. 15, 1851 in St. Peter
    Married Elizabeth Jesse Thorne Barker (Vessie)
    Buried Oct. 19, 1841 aged 10 months
    Buried Westbury Cemetery, St. Michael
    Baptized Oct. 23, 1844 in St. Peter
    Visited Lancashire, England 1871 (poss.) per Census 10 months
    Married Nov. 1, 1877  in St. Michael to William Everard (seaman)
    Had 3 children; died while travelling on a ship
    Buried Westbury Cemetery, St. Michael
    Born Dec. 3, 1887
    Baptized Jan. 25, 1888
    Emigrated to U.S.A. Aug. 1907;
    WW1 Draft registration June 5, 1917; single; eyes blue, hair fair, tall, slender; previous military experience as a Private in Barbados Infantry; occupation Clerk
    Passport application Aug. 21, 1919
    Occupation Druggist; Resided in Brooklyn, NY 
    Born Jan. 3, 1889
    Emigrated to U.S.A.; married
    Died Jan. 6, 1913 in Brooklyn, Kings, New York, age 24
    Buried Jan. 8, 1913 in Evergreen Cemetery, New York
    Born July 13, 1893
    Baptized Aug. 23, 1893 St. Michael, Barbados
    Married Winnifred Elise Jordan in 1920, New York
    Died Dec. 22, 1973 in Barbados
    Buried Jan. 8, 1913 in Westbury Cemetery, St. Michael
    Born Nov. 23, 1898 Barbados
    Died Aug. 26, 1995 Barbados
    Born Mar. 28, 1902 Barbados
    Married Robert Barnes
    Died July 7, 1996 in Florida, U.S.A.  
    Born Feb. 28, 1908
    Married Clement De Freitas
    Visited U.S. July 17, 1938
    Died Dec. 29, 1992 in Florida, U.S.A.
    Born Dec. 1, 1896 St. Michael, Barbados
    Married Frederick Sorensen
    Died April, 1980 in New York, U.S.A. 

Saturday, June 21, 2008

Albion Lodge, Barbarees Hill, Saint Michael, Barbados (the family home) in 2005

This is a photo I received from my cousin Ken - I believe it was taken in 2004. It's a view from the driveway entrance to the property. The columns of the front porch, though in disrepair in 2005, suggest the former beauty of the home.

If you walk to the back of the yard and look toward the road, you get a long view of the house and the screened veranda in the rear.
I am told that these are the stones my grandmother set border stones in her garden, which means they date back to the 1920's. Vines have almost completely taken over some of the trees in the yard.

Sunday, May 25, 2008

A few photos of the Archer clan, 1950s to 1970s

Group photo showing three generations of Archers (approx. 1979?):
Gloria, George and Betty (photo from Betty and John's wedding)
Gloria, John Hamilton and Betty (Mary) with kids (late 1950s?)
Gloria Habel (née Archer) with her cousin Gwen Jordan
Mother Irene and Gloria (approx. 1973)
George and Gloria in Barbados for Everett Pierson Archer's funeral

Photos and documents c.1942-1945: Gloria Thelma Archer

I have some great photos of my mother, Gloria Habel (née Archer) and some interesting documents that let us travel back in time...

Gloria T. Archer (approx. 1940-1943)

Gloria T. Archer : Transit Certificates

Gloria T. Archer : High school certificate (ironic that she aced French and ended up marrying a French Canadian...)

Group shots

As always, help with names and dates would be appreciated!
This photo was taken at the airport before George moved to Canada.  Aunt Ercel, Father Everett Pierson, and brother Edward, 1947
The back of this photograph has the following hand-written note: "George, Aunt, Pip, Ed"

George, Cynthia Olton, Aunt Ercel, Marjorie, Edward and Pip 1947

Photo album: Everett Pierson Archer and Winnifred Elise Archer

Here are a few of the photos I have of my grandparents:

Everett Pierson Archer, 1912

Everett Pierson Archer and
Winnifred Elise Archer

Everett Pierson Archer

Winnifred Elise Archer

Photo album

George Stratton Rollins Archer with daughters

Elizabeth Jesse Thorne Barker
Dr. Francis Bonfield Archer


George Lawton, 1919 immigration photo

Today's photo album: Edward Archer

Portrait of Edward Archer (early 1940s?)

Group photo: Edward, (unknown), Betty Hamilton (née Archer), Bob Barnes, George Archer. (early 1940s?)

Edward and Marge

Group photo: Edward, (two men in center unidentified), George Archer. (approx. 1940?)

Saturday, May 24, 2008

History of Barbados

According to accounts by descendants of the aboriginal Arawak tribes on other local islands, the original name for Barbados was Ichirouganaim.

The origin of the name "Barbados" is controversial. The Portuguese, en route to Brazil are credited as the first European nation to discover and name the island. They dubbed the island Os Barbados, which was Portuguese for the Bearded Ones. It is a matter of conjecture whether the word "bearded" refers to the long, hanging roots of the bearded fig-tree (Ficus citrifolia), indigenous to the island, to bearded Caribs inhabiting the island, or to the foam spraying over the outlying reefs giving the impression of a beard. In 1519, a map produced by the Genoese mapmaker Vesconte de Maggiola showed and named Barbados in its correct position north of the island of Tobago. On some historic maps the island has also been spelled as Barbadoes.

Early history
New archaeological discoveries suggest that Barbados may have been inhabited as early as some time in the 1600s. B.C. Better known, is the migration of the Amerindians who traveled across this part of the Atlantic Ocean by canoe from the Orinoco River region of Venezuela.
This was followed by the Arawak Indians who first arrived in the island around 350-400 BC. A few historical remains of their settlement have been found in areas of Silver Sands, Stroud Point, Chancery Lane, Pie Corner, Saint Luke's Gully and Mapp's Cave. They were then conquered by the Caribs, as evidenced by a dramatic decline in their population around 1200 AD. The Caribs later disappeared from the island. While no direct cause has been determined, a possible combination of famine, disease, abduction and enslavement in larger islands by the Spanish or Portuguese have all been suggested as probable causes.

Of especial note are the Portuguese, who visited the island briefly while en route to Brazil, that are responsible for leaving behind the wild pigs that would greet the first British settlers.
Early British Colonization
The British found the island uninhabited when they first arrived in the 1625 and claimed it in the name of King James I. This first ship, which arrived on May 14th, was captained by John Powell. The first settlement landed some time later on February 17, 1627 near what is now Holetown (formerly Jamestown). The group was lead by Captain John Powell, who arrived with 80 settlers and 10 black slaves. This settlement was funded by Sir William Courteen, a London merchant who owned the title to Barbados and several other unclaimed islands. Thus, the first colonists were actually tenants and the profits of their labour returned to Courteen and his company.

Courteen would later lose this title to James Hay, 1st Earl of Carlisle in what was called the "Great Barbados Robbery." Carlisle then chose as governor Henry Hawley. It was he who established the House of Assembly in 1639, in an effort to appease the planters who might otherwise oppose his controversial appointment.

In the very early years, the majority of the population was white and male, with African slaves providing little of the workforce. Cultivation of tobacco, cotton, ginger and indigo was handled primarily by European indentured labour until the start of the sugar cane industry.

Sugar Cane and Slavery
Sugar cane cultivation began in the 1640s, after its introduction in 1637 by Pieter Blower. Initially, rum was produced but by 1642, sugar was the focus of the industry. As it developed into the main commercial enterprise, Barbados was divided into large plantation estates which replaced the small holdings of the early British settlers as the wealthy planters pushed out the poorer. Some of the displaced farmers relocated to British colonies in North America, most notably South Carolina. To work the plantations, tribal peoples of Africa were imported as slaves in such numbers that there were three for every one planter. The slave trade ceased a few years before the abolition of slavery throughout the British empire in 1834. Persecuted Catholics from Ireland also worked the plantations.

Sugar cane dominated Barbados' economic growth, and the island's cash crop was at the top of the sugar industry until 1720. The 1907 Nuttall Encyclopedia reports the island's population as 182,000.

Gypsies purged from Europe and other captured nomads were also brought to Barbados as slaves. The Europeans mixed these groups in with the exhisting groups to form servants for export to the Americas, particularly to the plantations owned by President Thomas Jefferson.

Political Development
From 1800 until 1885 Barbados then served as the main seat of Government for the former British colonies of the Windward Islands. During the period of around 85 years the resident Governor of Barbados also served as the Colonial head of the Windward Islands. After the Government of Barbados officially exited from the Windward Island union in 1885, the seat was moved from Bridgetown to St. George's on the neighbouring island of Grenada, where it remained until the territory of the Windward Islands was desolved.
Soon after Barbados' withdrawal from the Windward Islands, Barbados became aware that Tobago was going to be amalgamated with another territory as part of a single state. In response, Barbados made an official bid to the British Government to have neighbouring Island Tobago joined with Barbados as a political union. The British government however decided that Trinidad would be a better fit and Tobago instead was made a Ward of Trinidad.

Local enslaved people of Africa and Ireland worked for the merchants of British descent. It was these merchants who continued to dominate politically even after emancipation, due to a high income restriction on voting. Only an exclusive 30%, therefore, had any voice in the democratic process. It was not until the 1930s that a movement for political rights was begun by the descendants of emancipated slaves, who started trade unions. One of the leaders of this movement, Sir Grantley Adams, founded the Barbados Progressive League (now the Barbados Labour Party) in 1938. The Great Depression caused mass unemployment, and the quality of life on the island lowered drastically. Despite his loyalty to the British Crown (a trait which would later become his downfall), Adams wanted more for the people, especially the poor.

Finally, in 1942, the income qualification was lowered. This was followed by the introduction of universal adult suffrage in 1951, with Adams elected the Premier of Barbados in 1958.
From 1958 to 1962, Barbados was one of the ten members of the West Indies Federation, an organisation doomed to failure by a number of factors, including what were often petty nationalistic prejudices and limited legislative power. Indeed, Adams' position as "Prime Minister" is a gross misnomer, as all of the Federation members were still colonies of Britain. Adams, once a political visionary and now a man blind to the needs of his country, not only held fast to his out-dated notion of defending the monarchy but also made additional attempts to form similarly flawed Federation-like entities after that union's demise. When the Federation was terminated, Barbados had reverted to its former status as a self-governing colony, but efforts were made by Adams to form another federation composed of Barbados and the Leeward and Windward Islands.

Errol Walton Barrow was to replace Grantley Adams as the people's advocate and it was he who would eventually lead the island into Independence. Barrow, a fervent reformer and once a member of the BLP, had left the party to form his own Democratic Labour Party, as the liberal alternative to the conservative BLP government under Adams. He remains a national hero for his work in social reformation, including the institution of free education for all Barbadians. In 1961, Barrow supplanted Adams as Premier as the DLP took control of the government.

Due to several years of growing autonomy, Barbados was able to successfully negotiate its own independence at a constitutional conference with the United Kingdom in June 1966. After years of peaceful and democratic progress, Barbados finally became an independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations on November 30, 1966, with Errol Barrow serving as its first Prime Minister.

Source: Wikipedia